Love Is In The Air


Is an interfaith ketubah Legit? Love is in the air… (Is it wrong for a rabbi to say “happy Valentines Day“?)

One question couples typically ask me as we go over their wedding ceremony is, “can we have a ketubah even if my partner isn’t Jewish?” A ketubah is a Jewish marriage contract, a tradition that goes back thousands of years. I usually explain how they have changed over time as Judaism and society have changed.

The ketubah as part of the wedding ceremony for Jews who are not Orthodox has come back into vogue. For the recent generations past, the ketubah was sometimes seen in liberal Jewish settings as archaic, too legalistic, and unnecessary. However, in part because it is often a purchased piece chosen for its artwork as much as for the text, and in part because liberal Jews have begun to re-embrace and reinterpret Jewish traditions that had been discarded, it is popular again. (Where “again” is “for the last 4-5 decades.”) It is signed in the presence of witnesses who are close to the couple; it’s displayed in the home as a tangible memento of the wedding.

Traditionally, the two witnesses who signed the ketubah had to be Jewish, males over the age of 13, and not related to the couple. With a modern ketubah, the couple can pick whomever they want to sign it. Once we veer from a strict interpretation of Jewish law, I feel that any decisions regarding the ketubah can be adapted as well. Thus, as a woman rabbi signing the ketubah, I am open to having parents or siblings of the couple sign the ketubah, even if they aren’t Jewish. The point is to pick witnesses who are valued and trusted — the couple will be seeing their signatures for years to come, and they should elicite feelings of warmth, connection, pride, and love.

You may think that anything other than a halachic (and it’s always whose version of halachic) text to be absurd, a farce, or inauthentic. However, Judaism has always had room within it for descent, for adaption, for re-interpretation, and for adaptability. An interfaith couple that finds meaning in Judaism and seeks to imbue their wedding ceremony with Judaism, can have a ketubah — absolutely.

The question I ask myself is at what point does a tradition or custom get so altered that it becomes something else? Is it possible to appropriate such totally different meaning to a tradition that it no longer makes sense? I think that the original point of a ketubah was to write out the terms of the wedding legally and to protect each partner financially if anything happened to one or the other or the sanctity of the union. While a liberal Jewish ketubah or interfaith ketubah may not be a legal document within Jewish or secular courts, it is still a wedding contract. The texts speak about the parameters for the marriage in terms of hopes and dreams the couple share and in terms of the values each see in the other. So although an interfaith ketubah stretches this Jewish tradition far from the original texts, I do believe it is still within the spirit of traditional ketubahs and still meaningful and emotionally, spiritually, and psychologically binding. Signing the ketubah can be a beautiful way to begin a wedding.

What are your thoughts? Did you use a ketubah at your wedding? Do you hope to include a ketubah as part of your wedding?

7 thoughts on “Love Is In The Air”

  • Thank you all for reading and sharing! It is amazing that this ancient tradition is still being used and adapted today. This is how Judaism stays relevant and meaningful — when we confront the tradition, grapple with it, learn about it, and then embrace the parts that still apply and add beauty.

  • We had a beautiful ketubah that we signed before our interfaith wedding, and instead of “vows” we had our rabbi read parts of the ketubah during the ceremony. It was very lovely and meaningful for both of us, and we chose language that was relatively generic and didn’t refer to the laws of Moses/Israel. It hangs in our dining room and now we can show it to our 16 month old, who likes the “birdies” on it :)!

    I wanted to mention that something I learned while investigating ketubahs was that not only can you get an interfaith ketubah, but you can get one for a wedding with *no* Jewish participants at all — apparently, non-Jews have also found significance and meaning in having a physical representation of their marriage vows to each other that can be a keepsake in their home.

  • I love the ketubah my husband and I used for our wedding. Our rabbi suggested we use text that does not refer to the “laws of Moses” or the “laws of Israel” since those laws do not apply to my husband, who wasn’t raised Jewish. The text we chose does talk about our commitments to each other and the kind of home we want to create together.

  • My wife and I created our own ketubah – in English. In addition to having two witnesses, we had all of our guests sign it, so it now hangs in our house as a piece of art. There was one section of text that included our promises to one another and then another section was about promises that our family and friends made to us.

    It was wonderful to be able to include a Jewish tradition, but also make it our own.

  • Yes! The rabbis thousands of years ago suggested reading the ketubah aloud when marital disputes arise! Happy “secular?” love day…Did you know there is a Jewish love day called Tu B’Av which will take place on July 22?

  • I had a ketubah for my interfaith wedding. It hangs in our bedroom. When I start feeling frustrated with my husband, I read it and remember, helping me strive to be a better wife.

  • Ari, thanks for this!

    You mention signing the ketubah as a “woman rabbi,” but it should be noted that it’s not a requirement for the wedding officiant (be they a rabbi or someone else) to sign the ketubah, only the two witnesses. It’s now customary for many ketubahs to include a line for the rabbi to sign, but couples can request to have that line removed (as I did).

    Along those lines, many ketubah artists will also change the signature lines from “bride” and “groom” to “partner” or “spouse” if requested. Changes like these are discussed in the linked article on choosing an interfaith ketubah.

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